Very warm weather dominated the Central, Volga and North-Western federal districts of Russia on May 11-20. The average daily air temperature was at least 3-6°C above normal. Planting of spring grains continued in favorable conditions, reports UkrAgroConsult.
The average soil temperature at the 10 cm depth was 10…21°C in the Central, Volga and North-Western federal districts, as well as in the central black-earth regions. The agrometeorological conditions were largely good for sprouting, growth and development of crops in most of the area. Sunflower and corn emerged in the fields seeded in early May.
Winter cereals were at tillering in northern areas. Stem growth continued in the southern half of the Central district and in the south-west of the Volga district (emergence of the lower stem node above the ground surface). Early spring cereals were at the stages of emergence and leaf formation, depending on the sowing date. Moisture supply for crops is mostly good.
The weather in the Southern and North Caucasian federal districts was variable. It became much cooler on May 11-12 that impeded growth of late heat-loving crops. However, air temperatures rose in mid-May. Most areas received little precipitation. Planting of spring crops was close to an end in the majority of areas. Sunflower and corn emerged in most of the fields; these crops are at the leaf formation stage where seeded early.
In most areas across the Southern and North-Caucasian federal districts, winter cereals were at the stages of heading and flowering. Early spring cereals were at tillering, stem growth was reported too. The agrometeorological conditions were mostly good for growth of cereal crops. Moisture supply for crops was largely sufficient.
In general, the pace of spring sowing in Russia is the slowest in five years, UkrAgroConsult notes. Spring wheat planting still lags as much as 25% behind last year and over 40% behind 2016. Barley planting is already almost 100% the progress of last year, while the lag in corn decreased to 11%.
More information on crop conditions and progress in planting in the countries of Black Sea Region is available to subscribers for weekly market report "Black Sea Grain" by UkrAgroConsult.
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